RULES OF CRICKET
A match in cricket is played between 2 teams. Each team has 11 players. Before playing the match, the umpire tossed the captains of the two teams. The team that wins the toss decides whether to bat or field. One team bats and the other team fields the ball. Those who bat first try to score maximum runs against the opposition team.
Every cricket match has two innings. In the first innings, one team bats and tries to score as many runs as possible, giving the opposing team a target of runs. In the second innings, the opposing team chased that run. If the opposing team can score that run, they can win, and if they can’t, they will be losers.
During the game, two batsmen of the batting team came to bat on the field. A striker batsman plays the ball, and another non-striker batsman runs with the striker batsman to score runs. When one batsman is out another batsman comes to bat.
All 11 members of the fielding team are in the field. One player bowls and the other 10 fields, the one who bowls is called a bowler. A fielder stands behind the striker to catch the batsman’s missed balls, called the wicketkeeper.
Each bowler bowls one over. There are 6 balls in one over. After one bowler bowls one over, another bowler comes to the bowl the next over.
Ways to score runs
There are many ways to score runs.
After the striker batsman hits the ball and returns the ball from the fielder to the wicketkeeper/bowler, the number of times the two batsmen alternate is the number of runs scored., it can be one, two, or more runs. There are also FOUR RUNS AND SIX RUNS. If the ball crosses the boundary after hitting the ground then it is FOUR runs, in cricket terms it is called a boundary and if the ball crosses the boundary and hits the ground after hitting the bat then it is six runs in cricket terms is called an over-boundary.
According to the rules of cricket, there are other runs including no ball, wide ball, bye, and leg bye.
If a ball goes past the batsman, where the batsman cannot make a run, the umpire declares the ball as a wide ball and one run is added to the batsman’s team.
There are some rules in cricket, if a bowler does not obey those rulls, then the umpire declares the ball as a no ball.
1. If the bowler’s foot crosses the bowling line then it is a no ball.
2. If it bounces more than twice, i.e. the ball goes over the batsman’s head more than twice, then it is a no ball.
3. If the fielders are standing in an illegal position then it is a no ball.
A batsman has no other outs except a no-ball run out. And for a no ball, the batsman gets a free hit on the next delivery, but the batsman has no other out than a run out.
It Is, where a ball that isn’t a no-ball or wide passes the striking batsman, and runs, are scored without the batsman hitting the ball.
When a run hits a batsman’s leg, that’s his leg bye.
How many ways can a batsman be out?
There are several different ways a batsman can be given out. When a bowler gets a batsman out it is said that the bowler gets a “wicket”. Following are the different ways a batsman can be given out according to the rules of cricket:
If the ball is hit the striking batsmen’s wickets the batsman is given out and is called bowled out.
– If a batsman hits the ball or touches the ball at all with his bat or hand/glove holding the bat then the batsman can be caught out. This is done by the fielders, wicketkeeper, or bowler catching the ball on the full before it bounces.
Leg Before Wicket (LBW)
– If the ball hits the batsman’s leg first without hitting the bat then an LBW decision is possible. However for the umpire to give this out he must first look at some of the factors stated in the cricket rules. The first thing the umpire needs to decide is would the ball have hit the wickets if the batsman was not there. If his answer to this is yes and the ball was not pitched on the outside of the wicket he can safely give the batsman out. However, if the ball hits the wicket outside of the line while he was attempting to play a stroke then he is not out.
– A batsman can be given out according to cricket rules when the wicketkeeper puts down his wicket while he is out of his popping crease.
Run Out –
A batsman is out if no part of his bat or body is grounded behind the popping crease while the ball is in play and the wicket is fairly put down by the fielding side.
– If a batsman hits his wicket down with his bat or body after the bowler has entered his delivery stripe and the ball is in play then he is out.
An incoming batsman must be ready to face a ball or be at the non-striker’s end with his partner within three minutes of the outgoing batsman being dismissed. If this is not done the incoming batsman can be given out.
There are many other cricket rules. However, these are most of the basics and will get you well on your way to playing the game. Many of the more advanced rules & laws can be learned along the way and are not vital to general play.